We gushed over beloved series and fandoms for hours, but then, as bookish conversations tend to do, our conversation drifted towards novels we didn’t enjoy. And she confessed to me that there were a ton of popular books she was embarrassed to say she just couldn’t get into, mainly because they were written in first person perspective. And, to her, first person POV always came across so wooden and bland that it threw her out of the narrative completely.
I didn’t think too much about it at the time. Then, several years later, I picked up the very same books she had mentioned to me and began to read them. And almost immediately, I found myself struggling to be immersed in the stories too. Not because the books were written in first person. But because every single sentence had the exact same structure.
In fiction, uniform sentence structure has this way of coming across as boring, bland, or too mechanical. When every sentence is styled the exact same way, it can get very repetitive very quickly. The other major weakness with identically structured sentences is that they can sound almost “textbook-like” in their voice. A voice that reads more like someone presenting facts instead of thrilling fiction. Where the sentences read more like a list of bullet points instead of an organic expression of the protagonist’s Point of View.
Now, it’s not to say that you can’t use multiple sentences with the same structure and subject/verb agreement back to back, but when your entire book is comprised of the exact same style of sentences, it can make the narrative fall flat.
So, here are a few tips I recommend for crafting effective sentence variety.
- Don’t start every sentence with a noun or pronoun: This one is the easiest. Change up the beginning of every sentence. Start off with a prepositional phrase. Or adverb. Or conjunction. Or adjective. But don’t have every single sentence start with a noun, a character’s name, or a pronoun, followed by a verb.
- Change up the subject: When writing, especially in first person POV, it can be tempting to write every sentence from the subject of “I.” But, since the story is already immersed in the character’s perspective, you don’t need “I,” or a character, to always be the subject. Instead, make the topic of the sentence something from the setting. Bring in details. Sensations. Behaviors. Thoughts. Any one of these topics can effectively serve as the subject of your sentence instead of the characters themselves.
- Change up the length: This is the next key element. If you’re like me, you’re probably accustomed to writing in a college style with long sentences loaded full of exposition and information. But, in fiction, the most effective storytelling varies up its sentence length. Think of writing like a song or a dance. You want to create a rhythm to your words. A flow. That way, it’s easier for the reader to forget they’re reading and to sink into your written world.
- Keep it organic: This is the final tip to any good sentence structure. Whether you’re writing third or first person, you want the voice of your writing to feel natural. Drawing upon different abstract concepts like emotion, intrusive thoughts, specific vocabulary, and personal perspective are great ways to craft a more organic voice.
In the end, the goal with creating sentence variety is to prevent your writing from sounding too mundane. Just like in public speaking, if your written voice comes across too monotone or predictable, your reader may begin to lose interest. Keeping your writing lively and varied is a great way to hold a reader’s interest from beginning to end, no matter what POV you choose to use.
What are some of your thoughts on sentence structure and